Evaluación de competencias clínicas en los contextos médicos curriculares actuales

Rodrigo Castro-Rebolledo

Resumen


La introducción de los nuevos modelos curriculares en la enseñanza de la medicina en todos sus niveles, ha traído consigo grandes cambios que han llevado a la consolidación de nuevas formas de enseñar y de evaluar. En el aprendizaje basado en competencias las evaluaciones únicas ya no son prácticas, por lo que hay una exigencia de distintas aproximaciones a los conocimientos y al quehacer del estudiante en su proceso formativo.

En esta revisión se busca hacer una síntesis de las herramientas de evaluación de competencias clínicas más difundidas a nivel mundial. Se presentan las diferentes aproximaciones a la dura tarea de consolidar un cuerpo integrado de distintos puntos de vista, que permitan al docente y a las instituciones co­nocer qué tanto se acercan los estudiantes al perfil establecido por cada una de ellas y cómo están preparando a los profesionales que exige esta época.


Palabras clave


Educación médica; Evaluación educacional; Competencia clínica; Educación basada en competencias; Métodos; Estándares

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18270/rsb.v8i1.2375

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